Colombia 2020 energy matrix
However, the same experts, despite agreeing on its high potential, warn of the need to develop R&D&I programs adapted to the particularities of the sector in each country; to which they add the training and certification aspect.
This heat can be harnessed by humans under certain technical conditions, and its different uses and applications depend on the temperature of the geothermal fluid. The objective of geothermal energy, in simple terms, is to harness this heat energy from the earth’s interior.
If these geothermal resources are of high temperature (above 100-150o C), this heat is mainly used to produce electricity. When the temperature of the reservoir is not sufficient to produce electricity, its main applications are thermal in the industrial, service and residential sectors.
In the case of temperatures below 100o C, it can be used directly or through a geothermal heat pump for heating and cooling. When these temperatures are very low – below 25o C – the possibilities of use are mainly air conditioning and hot water production.
Energy sources in colombia percentages
Colombia has one of the cleanest electricity generation matrixes in the world. As of December 2018, the installed generation capacity in the National Interconnected System was 17,312 Mega-watts (MW). Of this installed capacity, 68.4% corresponded to hydraulic generation, almost 30% to thermal generation (13.3% with Natural Gas, 7.8% with liquid fuels and 9.5% with coal) and approximately 1% with Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Sources (NCREF) (wind, solar, and biomass).
To meet this goal, the Colombian Government focused on regulating and implementing tax incentives for NCRE projects proposed by the Renewable Energy Law. Additionally, it established auctions to award long-term contracts for FNCER energy, whose first process closed on February 26, 2019.
The auction allocated firm energy for 164.33 GWh/day. The net additional effective capacity for the System in 2022-2023 will be 4010 MW: 1240 MW thermal, 1372 MW hydro, 1160 MW wind and 238 MW solar. This is the first time that FNCER projects are awarded in this type of auctions, competing directly with traditional energy sources (hydro, gas, coal and liquid fuels).
Energy sector in Colombia
The Hydro-Québec Electric Power Transmission System is an international power transmission system based in Quebec, Canada. This system is a pioneer in the use of high-voltage 735 kV alternating current (AC) lines, linking the large population centers of Montreal and Quebec City with distant hydroelectric power plants, such as the Daniel-Johnson Dam, the James Bay Project in northwestern Quebec and the Churchill Falls generating station in Labrador.
The system has more than 34 187 km (21 243 miles) of lines and 530 electrical substations. It is managed by Hydro-Québec TransÉnergie, a division of the state-owned Hydro-Québec Corporation and is part of the Northeast Power Coordinating Council.
The system has 15 interconnections with systems in Ontario, New Brunswick and the northwestern United States, and 6 025 MW of import capacity per interconnection, as well as 7 974 MW of export capacity per interconnection. The system is managed by Hydro-Québec TransÉnergie, a division of the state-owned Hydro-Québec Corporation and is part of the Northeast Power Coordinating Council (NEPC).
Colombian energy matrix
Royal Decree 1614/2010, of December 7, 2010, which regulates and modifies certain aspects related to the activity of electricity production from solar thermoelectric and wind power technologies.
Thus, the support regime, as set out in its formulation, must be adapted, safeguarding the legal security of investments and the principle of reasonable profitability, to the dynamic reality of the learning curves of the different technologies and the technical constraints that arise with the increase in the penetration of these technologies in the generation mix, in order to maintain a necessary and sufficient support consistent with market conditions and with the strategic objectives in energy matters and contribute to the transfer to society of the gain of the appropriate evolution of these technologies.
Therefore, this Royal Decree aims to resolve certain inefficiencies in the application of the aforementioned Royal Decree-Law 6/2009, of April 30, for wind and solar thermoelectric technologies. This was intended to ensure the economic regime in force in Royal Decree 661/2007, of 25 May, which regulates the activity of electricity production under the special regime, to projects that were in an advanced stage of maturity.